Visakhapatnam is a major port and the second largest city in the State of Andhra Pradesh on the east coast of India with a population of approximately 1.7 million (2011). The city is nestled among the hills of the Eastern Ghats and faces the Bay of Bengal to the east. Visakhapatnam is home to several state-owned heavy industries, one of the most advanced steel plants and has one of the country's largest ports and its oldest shipyard. It has the only natural harbour on the eastern coast of India. The city is listed as one of the 100 fastest growing cities in the world.
Visakhapatnam experiences a tropical savanna climate with little variation in temperature throughout the year. May is the hottest month with average temperatures around 32 °C, while January is the coolest month with average temperatures near 23 °C. As the city is located on the Bay of Bengal, the humidity remains high throughout the year. The total annual rainfall is around 945 mm, the bulk of which is received during the south-west monsoon. October is the wettest month with around 204 mm of rainfall.