The City of Baguio, with a population of over 319.000, is a highly urbanized city in northern Luzon in the Philippines. Baguio is the seat of government of the Cordillera Administrative Region. The city is at an altitude of approximately 1,500 meters in the Luzon tropical pine forests ecoregion. Baguio City has become the center of business and commerce as well as the center of education in the entire Northern Luzon.
The city is known for its mild climate. It is because of this that Baguio is nicknamed the "Summer Capital of the Philippines". Owing to its high elevation, the temperature in the city is 8°C lower to the average temperature of the rest of the country.
The city is built on uneven terrain and the expansion of the urban area contributes to a reduced soil absorption capacity during rainfall; high levels of soil sealing tend to accelerate storm water run-off.